Today I want to invite you to color a selection of cactus on the theme of a plant. Yes, just cactuses, these thorny cactuses. They look great, but it’s better not to touch them 🙂 But it’s time to paint them. Let’s go guys.
Here are some interesting facts about cactuses.
There are about 2,000 different types of cacti, which vary in size, shape, color and location. Almost all cacti are native to the deserts and arid regions of South and North America. Due to their attractive appearance, cacti can be found anywhere in the world today. Due to the actions of humanity, the threat of the survival of cacti in the wild is becoming more and more urgent. Some cactus species are listed as endangered plants, but fortunately, the trade of most cactus species is prohibited by law.
1. Thorns play two main roles: they prevent water loss through transpiration and keep the plant safe from animals.
2. Each spine of a cactus develops from an areola, which looks like a raised or nipple structure on the surface of a cactus.
3. Since cactuses live in dry areas, they need to absorb large amounts of water and store it in the stem and roots during dry periods. Besides storing water, the stem plays a role in the process of photosynthesis (the production of food using sunlight and carbon dioxide).
4. Cactus water has a higher density than tap water, but is safe to drink.
5. The roots of cactuses are located a few centimeters underground, but they can be up to 2 meters in diameter, because the water easily passes through the sand.
6. Cactuses have dormant periods and periods of intense growth and flowering. Growth periods require ample water and sunlight and are usually shorter than rest periods.
7. The size and shape of the flower depends on the type of cactus and the type of pollination. They can be white, red, orange, pink, or blue.
8. Butterflies, bees, moths, bats and hummingbirds are the main pollinators of cactuses.
9. Cactus thorns can be used to make hooks, combs and needles. The fruits can be used as food.
10. Some cactuses produce a substance called mescaline, which has hallucinogenic effects. The cactus has been used by shamans to induce a trance-like state and to provide “fellowship” with God.